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Document ID (ISN)107898
CIS number 08-387
ISSN - Serial title 0029-7909 - Occupational Hazards
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Cable J.
Title The silent killer
Bibliographic information Sep. 2006, p.40-43. Illus.
Abstract Nitrogen is an invisible, tasteless and odorless gas that comprises about 78 percent of the air we breathe, but its potential to kill workers in or near confined spaces should never be underestimated. This article describes a fatal nitrogen asphyxiation accident having occurred in an oil refinery, the common causes of accidents involving 80 fatalities and 50 injuries having occurred in the United Stated between 1992 and 2002 and the good practices to adopt for preventing these accidents (alarm systems, continuous atmosphere monitoring, ventilation with fresh air, rescue organization, training).
Descriptors (primary) USA; asphyxiants; nitrogen; petroleum refining; work in confined spaces; fatalities; hypoxia
Descriptors (secondary) ventilation design; emergency organization; safety training in industry; first aid; monitoring for air contamination; alarm systems
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Confined spaces
Petrochemical industry
Petroleum and natural gas industry
Inorganic substances