ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)107530
CIS number 08-179
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Abbasi T., Abbasi S.A.
Title The boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE): Mechanism, consequence assessment, management
Bibliographic information Mar. 2007, Vol.141, No.3, p.489-519. Illus. 131 ref.
Abstract Among the most devastating of accidents likely in chemical industry is the boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE). It is accompanied by highly destructive blast waves. In most situations there is also a fireball or a toxic gas cloud. The damaging effect of these accidents is reflected in the fact that the 80-odd major BLEVEs that have occurred between 1940 and 2005 have claimed over a 1000 lives and have injured over 10,000 persons besides harming property worth billions of dollars. Releases of toxic chemicals like chlorine and phosgene from BLEVEs have damaged large chunks of areas surrounding the sites. This article presents an overview of the mechanisms, causes, consequences and preventive strategies of BLEVEs.
Descriptors (primary) chemical industry; explosions; petroleum refining; major hazards; explosion hazards
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; safety by design; explosives; analysis of accident causes; propane; butane; ammonia; butadiene; shock waves; toxic substances; liquefied petroleum gas; piping; vapour clouds; accident descriptions; rail transport; road transport; leakage; safe working methods; causes of accidents; radiant heat; chlorine
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceIndia
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Petroleum and natural gas industry
Chemical industry
Major hazards
Petrochemical industry