ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)107524
CIS number 08-161
ISSN - Serial title 1545-9624 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lesage J., Stanley J., Karoly W.J., Lichtenberg F.W.
Title Airborne methlyene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) concentrations associated with the application of polyurethane spray foam in residential construction
Bibliographic information Feb. 2007, Vol.4, No.2, p.145-155. Illus. 14 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the exposure to airborne methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) among spray polyurethane foam applicators. It was conducted during foam application inside five single family homes under construction in the United States and Canada. Spray foam applicators and assistants may be exposed to airborne MDI concentrations above the OSHA permissible exposure limit of 0.20mg/m3, ceiling. At these concentrations, OSHA recommends appropriate respiratory protection. Airborne MDI concentrations decrease rapidly after foam application ceases. The majority of the airborne MDI samples collected in the breathing zones of the spray foam applicators exceeded the OSHA PEL-C. The highest airborne concentrations measured after 15 and 45min were 0.019mg/m3 and 0.003mg/m3, respectively. Other findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) foams; diphenylmethane diisocyanate; determination in air; insulating work; building industry; polyurethane
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; personal sampling; public OSH institutions; breathing atmosphere; USA; exposure evaluation; Canada
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada; USA
Subject(s) Construction industry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Surface treatment
Isocyanates
Cyano compounds
Construction industry and civil engineering