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Document ID (ISN)107486
CIS number 07-1498
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kouvonen A., Kivimäki M., Väänänen A., Heponiemi T., Elovainio M., Ala-Mursula L., Virtanen M., Pentti J., Linna A., Vahtera J.
Title Job strain and adverse health behaviors: The Finnish public sector study
Bibliographic information Jan. 2007, Vol.49, No.1, p.68-74. 31 ref.
Abstract The objective of this cross-sectional study was to explore the association between job strain and smoking, heavy drinking, obesity and physical inactivity. Subjects included 34,058 female and 8154 male public sector employees in Finland. Data were collected by means of postal questionnaires. Regression models showed that high job strain and passive jobs were associated with 1.3 to 1.4 times higher odds of having three or more adverse health behaviours. Among men, low job control was associated with a 1.3-fold likelihood of having three or more adverse health behaviours, while among women active jobs were associated with a 1.2-fold likelihood of having three or more adverse behaviours. High demands were associated with a higher likelihood of co-occurrence of one to two adverse behaviours among women. It is concluded that adverse job conditions may increase the likelihood of co-occurring health risk behaviours. Reducing work stress by increasing job control and decreasing psychological demands might help efforts to promote healthy lifestyles.
Descriptors (primary) state of health; human behaviour; government services; stress factors; risk factors; psychology of work organization
Descriptors (secondary) Finland; alcoholism; smoking; sex-linked differences; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; obesity
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland; United Kingdom
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Mental stress and burnout
Alcohol and drug abuse
Public and government services
Psychology of work organization
Psychological factors