|Document ID (ISN)||107414|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1080-3548 - International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
|Convention or series no.
||Ghosh T., Barman S.
||Respiratory problems of workers in the zarda industry in Kolkata, India
||2007, Vol.13, No.1, p.91-96. 20 ref.
||Zarda is a type of chewing tobacco popular in India. In zarda factories, workers mix tobacco leaves with various chemicals, then dry the mix in ovens and pack the product for distribution. Workers are highly exposed to tobacco dust. This study was undertaken to assess the pulmonary and respiratory problems of workers in a zarda factory in Kolkata, India. A total of 70 zarda workers were studied. The study involved the completion of a questionnaire on pulmonary and respiratory problems, medical inspections including spirometry and worksite inspections using the OSHA-recommended ergonomics checklist. It was found that many workers complained of respiratory symptoms and that their lung capacity and peak expiratory flow rates were considerably reduced.
||India; airborne dust; risk factors; respiratory diseases; tobacco industry
||subjective assessment; symptoms; maximal expiratory flow; medical examinations; premises; questionnaire survey; spirometry; anthropometry
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||India|
||Food, beverage and tobacco industries
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)