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Document ID (ISN)107414
CIS number 07-1303
ISSN - Serial title 1080-3548 - International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ghosh T., Barman S.
Title Respiratory problems of workers in the zarda industry in Kolkata, India
Bibliographic information 2007, Vol.13, No.1, p.91-96. 20 ref.
Abstract Zarda is a type of chewing tobacco popular in India. In zarda factories, workers mix tobacco leaves with various chemicals, then dry the mix in ovens and pack the product for distribution. Workers are highly exposed to tobacco dust. This study was undertaken to assess the pulmonary and respiratory problems of workers in a zarda factory in Kolkata, India. A total of 70 zarda workers were studied. The study involved the completion of a questionnaire on pulmonary and respiratory problems, medical inspections including spirometry and worksite inspections using the OSHA-recommended ergonomics checklist. It was found that many workers complained of respiratory symptoms and that their lung capacity and peak expiratory flow rates were considerably reduced.
Descriptors (primary) India; airborne dust; risk factors; respiratory diseases; tobacco industry
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; symptoms; maximal expiratory flow; medical examinations; premises; questionnaire survey; spirometry; anthropometry
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceIndia
Subject(s) Food, beverage and tobacco industries
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Tobacco industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)