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Document ID (ISN)107317
CIS number 07-1479
ISBN(s) 3-88383-696-6 (En); 3-88383-708-3 (de)
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Sulsky S.I., Birk T., Cohen L.C., Luippold R.S., Heidenreich M.J., Nunes A.
Title Effectiveness of measures to prevent needlestick injuries among employees in health professions
Original title Wirksamkeit und Wirtschaftlichkeit präventiver Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung von Nadelstichverletzungen bei Beschäftigten in Gesundheitsberufen [in German]
Bibliographic information Hauptverband der Gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (Hvbg), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Mar. 2006. 122p. 104 ref.
Internet access [in German] [in English]
Abstract The pathogens of greatest concern that may be transmitted by a needlestick injury (NSI) are hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus. The objective of this literature survey was to critically review and summarize the published literature on NSI, with the main focus on studies evaluating the effectiveness and cost aspects of the implementation of safer devices in hospitals. More than 2300 publications were identified, among which 61 met the quality and inclusion criteria. Nurses and physicians were the most likely to report NSI and NSI were most likely to occur in patient and operating rooms. However, widespread underreporting makes it impossible to accurately estimate the risks. Engineering controls, especially the introduction of safety-designed devices, were found to be effective in reducing the number of reported NSI. Other findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) needle-stick injuries; risk factors; health care personnel; hospitals
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; infectious hepatitis; hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; glossary; health hazards; safe working methods; frequency rates; programme evaluation
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Viral diseases (other than aids)
Health care services
Bacterial and parasitic diseases