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Document ID (ISN)107162
CIS number 07-1124
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Crippa M., Belleri L., Mistrello G., Tedoldi C., Alessio L.
Title Prevention of latex allergy among health care workers and in the general population: Latex protein content in devices commonly used in hospitals and general practice
Bibliographic information Aug. 2006, Vol.79, No.7, p.550-557. Illus. 33 ref.
Internet access http://www.springerlink.com/content/560q5h8222436708/fulltext.pdf [in English]
Abstract In this study, the latex protein content in devices commonly used in medical practice and in consumer products was investigated. Total allergenic potency was evaluated by a modified RAST-inhibition assay and a quantitative determination of single allergens by using a commercial ELISA kit. A high level of inhibition was found in medical devices, such as elastic bandage (81.57%), tourniquet (74.09%), Foley urinary catheter (68.35%), Penrose drainage (67.25%) and taping (39.6%), and in common devices, such as rubber inner-sole (84.20%), toy balloons (78.62%), latex mattress (74.27%), household rubber gloves (49.10%), working gloves (38.25%) and inflatable floating mattresses (32.10%). The study confirmed that many natural rubber items commonly used in the operating theatre, emergency room and other hospital departments can release substantial amounts of latex proteins.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; hospitals; latex; natural rubber
Descriptors (secondary) protective gloves; sensitization; immuno-allergy; immunoglobulins
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Health care services