|Document ID (ISN)||107076|
|Convention or series no.
||VTT Publications 595
||Hńnninen S., Rytk÷nen J.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
||Transportation of liquid bulk chemicals by tankers in the Baltic Sea
||VTT Information Service, P.O.Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 2006. 121p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
||http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/publications/2006/P595.pdf [in English]
||This report analyses data concerning the handling of liquid bulk chemicals in the Baltic Sea ports in 2004. The data is based on public registers, data files and declarations of port authorities and operators. A special questionnaire on transported chemicals, and specifically on bulk chemicals, was prepared for ports. Some of the most dangerous or most common chemicals are discussed in terms of their environmental impact if released into the water (ammonia, epichlorohydrin, soybean oil, styrene, vinyl acetate, ethanol, and methanol). The risk of chemical outflow is also discussed in cases of collision and grounding. A special chapter related to the Northern Baltic waters covers the risk of winter navigation for chemical transportation. The fates of chemicals spilled on water and on the methods for their neutralization are also discussed. Finally, some scenarios are presented on potentially high-risk areas.
||dangerous substances; bulk carriers; sea transport; bulk materials handling; chemical products; harbours
||Russian Federation; environmental pollution; Lithuania; Latvia; Poland; Germany; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; vinyl acetate; methanol; ammonia; styrene; ethanol; vegetable oils and fats; epichlorohydrin; bulk liquid containers; storage tanks; statistics; questionnaire survey; neighbourhood protection; spills; Sweden
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
|Country / State or Province||Finland|
||Transport and communications
|Broad subject area(s)