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Document ID (ISN)107076
CIS number 07-1143
ISBN(s) 951-38-6702-1
Year 2006
Convention or series no. VTT Publications 595
Author(s) Hńnninen S., Rytk÷nen J.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Title Transportation of liquid bulk chemicals by tankers in the Baltic Sea
Bibliographic information VTT Information Service, P.O.Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 2006. 121p. Illus. Bibl. ref.
Internet access http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/publications/2006/P595.pdf [in English]
Abstract This report analyses data concerning the handling of liquid bulk chemicals in the Baltic Sea ports in 2004. The data is based on public registers, data files and declarations of port authorities and operators. A special questionnaire on transported chemicals, and specifically on bulk chemicals, was prepared for ports. Some of the most dangerous or most common chemicals are discussed in terms of their environmental impact if released into the water (ammonia, epichlorohydrin, soybean oil, styrene, vinyl acetate, ethanol, and methanol). The risk of chemical outflow is also discussed in cases of collision and grounding. A special chapter related to the Northern Baltic waters covers the risk of winter navigation for chemical transportation. The fates of chemicals spilled on water and on the methods for their neutralization are also discussed. Finally, some scenarios are presented on potentially high-risk areas.
Descriptors (primary) dangerous substances; bulk carriers; sea transport; bulk materials handling; chemical products; harbours
Descriptors (secondary) Russian Federation; environmental pollution; Lithuania; Latvia; Poland; Germany; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; vinyl acetate; methanol; ammonia; styrene; ethanol; vegetable oils and fats; epichlorohydrin; bulk liquid containers; storage tanks; statistics; questionnaire survey; neighbourhood protection; spills; Sweden
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Water transportation