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Document ID (ISN)107066
CIS number 07-1139
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Skogstad M., KjŠrheim K., Fladseth G., Gj°lstad M., Daae H.L., Olsen R., Molander P., Ellingsen D.G.
Title Cross shift changes in lung function among bar and restaurant workers before and after implementation of a smoking ban
Bibliographic information July 2006, Vol.63, No.7, p.482-487. Illus. 36 ref.
Abstract To study the effects of a smoking ban on the pulmonary function of bar and restaurant employees, 93 subjects employed in 13 different establishments in Oslo, Norway were examined at the beginning and end of a workshift, before and after the smoking ban. The mean levels of nicotine and total dust before the ban were 28g/m3 and 275Ág/m3, respectively, while the corresponding levels after the ban were 0.6Ág/m3 and 77Ág/m3. Assessment of lung function included dynamic lung volumes and flows. The cross shift reduction in forced vital capacity (FVC) changed from 81ml before to 52ml after the smoking ban. The reductions in forced expired volume in one second (FEV1) during a workshift before and after the ban were 89ml and 46ml, respectively. The reduction in forced mid-expiratory flow rate (FEF25-75%) changed significantly from 199ml/s to 64ml/s. Among 26 non-smokers and 11 asthmatics, the reduction in FEV1 and FEF25-75% was significantly larger before compared to after the smoking ban. There was an association between the dust concentration and decrease in FEF 25-75% before the ban among non-smokers.
Descriptors (primary) waiters, waitresses and bartenders; Norway; pulmonary function; passive smoking; restaurants
Descriptors (secondary) nicotine; smoking; one-second forced expiratory volume; respirable dust; maximal expiratory flow
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNorway
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Smoking
Hotels and restaurants
Passive smoking