|Document ID (ISN)||107065|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Gun R.T., Pratt N., Ryan P., Roder D.
||Update of mortality and cancer incidence in the Australian petroleum industry cohort
||July 2006, Vol.63, No.7, p.476-481. 28 ref.
||The objective of this study was to update an earlier study of mortality and cancer incidence among workers in the Australian petroleum industry (for a previous update, see CIS 03-1626). Cause-specific mortality and cancer incidence for workers employed between 1981 and 2001 were compared with those of the Australian population by means of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). Associations between increased incidence of specific cancers and employment in the petroleum industry were tested by trends according to period of first employment, duration of employment, latency, and hydrocarbon exposure, adjusting for smoking. There was a significant elevation of the incidence of mesothelioma (SIR 1.77), melanoma (SIR 1.37) and prostate cancer (SIR 1.18). Tanker drivers had a significantly elevated incidence of kidney cancer (12 cases v 5.84 expected, SIR 2.05). Lung cancer incidence was significantly reduced (SIR 0.69). Other findings are discussed. Most cases of mesothelioma are probably related to past exposure to asbestos in refineries.
||Australia; petroleum and natural gas industry; cancer; mortality
||melanoma; leukaemia; asbestos; myeloma; bladder tumour; frequency rates; lung cancer; prostatic cancer; cohort study; sex-linked differences; pleural mesothelioma
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Australia|
||Chemicals, plastics and rubber
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Petroleum and natural gas industry