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Document ID (ISN)107065
CIS number 07-1081
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Gun R.T., Pratt N., Ryan P., Roder D.
Title Update of mortality and cancer incidence in the Australian petroleum industry cohort
Bibliographic information July 2006, Vol.63, No.7, p.476-481. 28 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to update an earlier study of mortality and cancer incidence among workers in the Australian petroleum industry (for a previous update, see CIS 03-1626). Cause-specific mortality and cancer incidence for workers employed between 1981 and 2001 were compared with those of the Australian population by means of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). Associations between increased incidence of specific cancers and employment in the petroleum industry were tested by trends according to period of first employment, duration of employment, latency, and hydrocarbon exposure, adjusting for smoking. There was a significant elevation of the incidence of mesothelioma (SIR 1.77), melanoma (SIR 1.37) and prostate cancer (SIR 1.18). Tanker drivers had a significantly elevated incidence of kidney cancer (12 cases v 5.84 expected, SIR 2.05). Lung cancer incidence was significantly reduced (SIR 0.69). Other findings are discussed. Most cases of mesothelioma are probably related to past exposure to asbestos in refineries.
Descriptors (primary) Australia; petroleum and natural gas industry; cancer; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) melanoma; leukaemia; asbestos; myeloma; bladder tumour; frequency rates; lung cancer; prostatic cancer; cohort study; sex-linked differences; pleural mesothelioma
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Petroleum and natural gas industry