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Document ID (ISN)106919
CIS number 07-880
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Stridsklev I.C., Schaller K.H., Langċrd S.
Title Monitoring of chromium and nickel in biological fluids of stainless steel welders using the flux-cored-wire (FCW) welding method
Bibliographic information Nov. 2004, Vol.77, No.8, p.587-591. 12 ref.
Internet access 07-0880.pdf [in English] [in English]
Abstract This study investigated exposure to chromium (Cr) and nickel (Ni) in flux-cored wire (FCW) welding of stainless steel. Seven FCW welders were monitored by measuring Cr and Ni in the workplace atmosphere, blood and urine. The welders were also questioned about exposure to Cr and Ni, the use of personal protective equipment and their smoking habits. The mean workplace air concentrations were 200µ/m3 for total Cr, 11.3µ/m3 for Cr(VI) and 50.4µ/m3 for Ni. For Cr in whole blood, plasma and erythrocytes, the mean levels after work were 1.25, 1.68 and 0.9µ/l respectively. For Ni, most of the measurements in whole blood and plasma were below the detection limits. Mean levels for Cr and Ni in the urine after work were 3.96 and 2.50 µ/g creatinine, respectively. Correlations between the Cr(VI) levels measured in air and the levels of total Cr in the measured biological fluids were found. Monitoring of Cr in the urine may be a versatile method for evaluating the exposure of FCW welders to Cr(VI) in air. The results seem to suggest that external and internal exposure to Cr and Ni in FCW welders welding stainless steel is low in general.
Descriptors (primary) nickel and compounds; stainless steel; welding and cutting; exposure evaluation; chromium and compounds; welding fumes
Descriptors (secondary) nickel; smoking; determination in air; determination in urine; exposure tests; chromium; determination in blood
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany; Norway
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Exposure evaluation
Welding and cutting
Nickel and compounds