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Document ID (ISN)106731
CIS number 07-723
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mitchell C.S., Gershon R.R.M., Lears M.K., Vlahov D., Felknor S., Lubelczyk R.A., Sherman M.F., Comstock G.W.
Title Risk of tuberculosis in correctional healthcare workers
Bibliographic information June 2005, Vol.47, No.6, p.580-586. 33 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for occupational infection with tuberculosis among healthcare workers employed in correctional facilities. It involved a self-administered survey, a clinical interview and tuberculin skin testing. The overall tuberculin skin test point prevalence rate was 17.7%, the reactivity rate was 2.2%, and the annual incidence was 1.3%. After controlling for bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccination, only origin of birth remained significantly associated with prevalence of tuberculosis infection. Although the prevalence of tuberculin reactivity was high in this population, the risk factors were predominantly demographic rather than occupational. Nevertheless, continued vigilance to control occupational exposure to this and other respiratory pathogens is warranted, given the potential for future outbreaks of tuberculosis, as well as other known and emerging airborne pathogens.
Descriptors (primary) tuberculosis; prison services; biological hazards; health care personnel
Descriptors (secondary) race-linked differences; USA; questionnaire survey; confounding factors; frequency rates; risk factors; sex-linked differences; vaccination; tuberculin test
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Fire fighting, police, prisons and the armed forces
Biological hazards
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Health care services