|Document ID (ISN)||106461|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Luo J.C.J., Hsu K.H., Shen W.S.
||Pulmonary function abnormalities and airway irritation symptoms of metal fumes exposure on automobile spot welders
||2006, Vol.49, p.407-416. 38 ref.
||This study investigated the pulmonary function of automobile welders exposed to metal fumes in Taiwan. The all-male cohort consisted of 41 spot welders, 76 arc welders, 71 office workers and 59 assemblers without welding exposure. Inductivity-coupled plasma mass spectrophotometry (ICP-MS) was used to detect zinc, copper and nickel levels in the post-shift urine samples. Demographic data, work history, smoking status and respiratory tract irritation symptoms were gathered by a standard self-administered questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests were also performed. Compared to non-exposed workers, there were significantly higher instances of abnormal forced vital capacity, abnormal peak expiratory flow and restrictive airway abnormalities among spot welders. There was also a significant dose-response relationship of airway irritation symptoms (cough, phlegm, chronic bronchitis) among the spot welders.
||resistance welding; respiratory diseases; motor vehicle industry; pulmonary function; metal fumes
||mass spectrometry; chronic bronchitis; Taiwan (China); shift work; irritation; determination in urine; arc welding and cutting; questionnaire survey; case-control study; dose-response relationship; symptoms
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Taiwan (China)|
||Metal production and metalworking
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Welding and cutting
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry