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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)106367
CIS number 07-324
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lauria L., Ballard T.J., Caldora M., Mazzanti C., Verdecchia A.
Title Reproductive disorders and pregnancy outcomes among female flight attendants
Bibliographic information May 2006, Vol.77, No.5, p.533-539. Illus. 35 ref.
Abstract This study examined reproductive health among female flight attendants. A cross-sectional health survey was carried out among an occupational cohort of current and former flight attendants using a postal questionnaire including items on pregnancy outcome, menstrual characteristics and infertility. The questionnaire was sent to 3036 women with a response rate of 64% (74% for current and 48% for former flight attendants). Spontaneous abortion rates were similar for pregnancies of women in service and not (12.6 and 11.4% respectively). Induced abortion rates were lower for in-service pregnancies (7.9%) compared with pregnancies of women not in service (21.1%). Menstrual irregularities in the year preceding the survey for women aged under 40 years were more frequent among current than former flight attendants (20.6% and 10.4% respectively). Fertility problems were reported by 20.6% of respondents. An association between infertility and irregular menstrual cycles was found (odds ratio 1.6).
Descriptors (primary) antifertility effects; aircraft; women; menstrual disorders; air transport; abortion
Descriptors (secondary) Italy; complications of pregnancy; frequency rates; cross-sectional study; age-linked differences; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the reproductive system
Air transportation
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Antifertility and prenatal effects