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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)106345
CIS number 07-318
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Checkoway H., et al.
Title Occupational risk factors for nasopharyngeal cancer among female textile workers in Shanghai, China
Bibliographic information Jan. 2006, Vol.63, No.1, p.39-44. 37 ref.
Abstract This study investigated whether occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals in the Chinese textile industry was associated with risk of nasopharyngeal cancer. 67 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cases identified during 1989-98 and a random sample of 3188 women were included in a case cohort study nested in a cohort of 267,400 women textile workers in Shanghai, China. A job exposure matrix developed by experienced industrial hygienists was used to assess exposures to specific dusts and chemicals. It was found that the risk of NPC was associated with cumulative exposure to cotton dust, with a hazard ratio of 3.6 compared with unexposed women. Trends of increasing risk were also found with increasing duration of exposure to acids and caustics, and with years worked in the dyehouse. Women who worked at least ten years in the dyehouse had a 3.6-fold excess risk of NPC.
Descriptors (primary) China; nasal cancer; textile industry; women; pharyngeal cancer
Descriptors (secondary) airborne dust; carcinogens; cotton; dyeing; job-exposure relation; case-control study; cohort study; risk factors; length of exposure; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceChina; USA
Subject(s) Textile and clothing industries
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)