|Document ID (ISN)||106275|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||'t Mannetje A., Pearce N.
||Bladder cancer risk in sales workers: Artefact or cause for concern?
||Mar. 2006, Vol.49, No.3, p.175-186. Illus. 50 ref.
||A large number of epidemiological studies have reported positive associations between bladder cancer and sales occupations. This study investigated whether these findings are likely to be due to chance, confounding or publication bias, or truly involve causal associations. Studies reporting bladder cancer risk-estimates for sales occupations were reviewed. Heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed using meta-analyses. Findings are discussed. Publication bias explained most of the reported increased bladder cancer risk, but sales-work still appeared to be associated with a small risk in women. Possible causal factors include lower frequency of urination and reduced fluid intake.
||bladder tumour; retail trade; sales forces
||literature survey; epidemiologic study; statistical evaluation; women; sex-linked differences; confounding factors
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Italy; New Zealand|
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system