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Document ID (ISN)106272
CIS number 07-476
ISSN - Serial title 0169-8141 - International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kluth K., Strasser H.
Title Ergonomics in the rescue service - Ergonomic evaluation of ambulance cots
Bibliographic information Mar. 2006, Vol.36, No.3, p.247-256. Illus. 33 ref.
Abstract In this comparative ergonomic study, three combinations of ambulance stretchers were tested with respect to their ergonomic quality. In addition to work analyses during the use of ambulance cots, the strain on the circulatory system of 12 ambulance workers was measured in four standardized carrying tests. Static and dynamic components of the muscle strain were determined by electromyography. Findings are discussed. One of the systems widely used in several countries was found to have marked weaknesses. Several specific recommendations are made for improving the design of ambulance cots with respect to their weight, shape, positioning of handles and mechanism of the height adjustment of the gurney. Changes in the design are also recommended in order to reduce the high strain on the ambulance workers that was measured via peripheral-physiological methods.
Descriptors (primary) physical workload; design of equipment; ambulances; ergonomics
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; evaluation of equipment; load carriage; comparative study; electromyography; ergonomic evaluation; workload assessment
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Ergonomics and work organization
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Ergonomics
First aid and emergency organization