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Document ID (ISN)106099
CIS number 07-148
ISSN - Serial title 0019-8366 - Industrial Health
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Chen P.C., Doyle P.E., Wang J.D.
Title Respirable dust exposure and respiratory health in male Taiwanese steelworkers
Bibliographic information Jan. 2006, Vol.44, No.1, p.190-199.32 ref.
Internet access http://www.h.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/2006/pdf/indhealth_44_1_190.pdf [in English]
Abstract This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and the determinants of lung function and examined their association with occupational dust exposure in Taiwanese steelworkers. Participants included 1,339 male workers. Data on respiratory symptoms were collected by means of questionnaires, and their lung function was assessed using spirometry. Dust exposure was measured using personal air sampling. Prevalences of frequent cough, chronic cough, frequent phlegm, chronic phlegm, wheezing and breathlessness were 11.4%, 9.3%, 14.6%, 11.9%, 2.6%, and 6.5%, respectively. Duration of employment, smoking, dustiness and past respiratory illnesses could predict these respiratory symptoms. Average respirable dust exposure significantly decreased the forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second among smokers, while a lesser effect was also observed for non-smokers.
Descriptors (primary) Taiwan (China); respiratory diseases; steelworks; pulmonary function; respirable dust
Descriptors (secondary) personal sampling; smoking; symptoms; dyspnoea; length of service; frequency rates; confounding factors; cross-sectional study; respiratory function tests; spirometry; determination in air; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom; Taiwan (China)
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Dust, aerosols and related diseases
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Iron and steel industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)