ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)106088
CIS number 07-156
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Talini D., Monteverdi A., Lastrucci L., Buonocore C., Carrara M., Di Pede F., Paggiaro P.
Title One-year longitudinal study of young apprentices exposed to airway occupational sensitizers
Bibliographic information Mar. 2006, Vol.79, No.3, p.237-243. 29 ref.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of occupational exposure to irritants and sensitizers on the incidence of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function impairment in a group of young apprentices. It involved 448 apprentices in various jobs with exposure to irritants and sensitizers, who were evaluated at pre-employment with a standardized questionnaire, spirometry and prick tests. The tests were repeated after one year of exposure to respiratory irritants or sensitizers among 244 subjects of the baseline group. At the first examination, males had a higher prevalence of shortness of breath with wheeze, asthma, smoking habit and atopy than females. At the second examination there was no significant increase in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms. However, incident cases for cough, phlegm, wheezing, shortness of breath with wheeze and asthma were all higher than remittent cases. Incidence of respiratory symptoms was associated with atopy and smoking. A possible healthy worker effect could underestimate the effect of occupational exposure in apprentices.
Descriptors (primary) irritants; respiratory diseases; sensitization; apprentices; young persons; pulmonary function
Descriptors (secondary) healthy worker effect; Italy; smoking; symptoms; dyspnoea; frequency rates; asthma; questionnaire survey; spirometry; sex-linked differences; individual susceptibility; expectoration
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)