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Document ID (ISN)105937
CIS number 06-1355
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kaerlev L., Hansen J., Hansen H.L., Nielsen P.S.
Title Cancer incidence among Danish seafarers: A population based cohort study
Bibliographic information Nov. 2005, Vol.62, No.11, p.761-765. 24 ref.
Abstract A cohort consisting of all Danish seafarers employed during 1986-1999 (33,340 men; 11,291 women) was linked with the nationwide Danish Cancer Registry and followed up for cancer until the end of 2002. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were estimated using the corresponding national rates. The SIR of all cancers was 1.26 for men and 1.07 for women. This was mainly due to an excess of cancer of the larynx, lung, tongue, mouth, pharynx, oesophagus, pancreas, kidney, urinary bladder, colon and bone, as well as skin melanomas among men, and an excess of cancer of the lung, rectum, and cervix uteri among women. The differences in lung cancer incidence between job categories among men ranged from 1.2 (engine room officers) to 2.3 (engine room crew), and 4.1 among maintenance crew. Non-officers had a 1.5 times higher lung cancer risk than officers. It is concluded that Danish seafarers, especially men, face an increased overall cancer risk. However, the data were not adjusted for smoking and alcohol consumption, which could represent significant confounding factors.
Descriptors (primary) Denmark; sea transport; cancer
Descriptors (secondary) alcoholism; smoking; lung cancer; frequency rates; cohort study; long-term study; sex-linked differences; confounding factors
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceDenmark
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Water transportation
Alcohol and drug abuse