|Document ID (ISN)||105607|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1545-9624 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
|Convention or series no.
||Williams P.R.D., Robinson K., Paustenbach D.J.
||Benzene exposures associated with tasks performed on marine vessels (circa 1975 to 2000)
||Nov. 2005, Vol.2, No.11, p.586-599. Illus. 51 ref.
||Twenty-five industrial hygiene studies that describe exposure during the marine transport of benzene-containing products were analysed. Benzene air concentrations typically ranged from 0.2-2.0 ppm during closed loading and 2-10 ppm during open loading operations. When compared with contemporaneous occupational health standards, the review indicates that most activities performed on marine vessels from the 1970s to 1990s did not usually result in benzene exposures that exceeded these standards. The information and data presented here may be useful for quantitatively estimating or reconstructing historical exposures of workers during the marine transport of benzene-containing cargo provided that details of their work history in the maritime industry are available.
||benzene; sea transport; exposure evaluation; ships
||permissible levels; literature survey
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Transport and communications
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)