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Document ID (ISN)105607
CIS number 06-1151
ISSN - Serial title 1545-9624 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Williams P.R.D., Robinson K., Paustenbach D.J.
Title Benzene exposures associated with tasks performed on marine vessels (circa 1975 to 2000)
Bibliographic information Nov. 2005, Vol.2, No.11, p.586-599. Illus. 51 ref.
Abstract Twenty-five industrial hygiene studies that describe exposure during the marine transport of benzene-containing products were analysed. Benzene air concentrations typically ranged from 0.2-2.0 ppm during closed loading and 2-10 ppm during open loading operations. When compared with contemporaneous occupational health standards, the review indicates that most activities performed on marine vessels from the 1970s to 1990s did not usually result in benzene exposures that exceeded these standards. The information and data presented here may be useful for quantitatively estimating or reconstructing historical exposures of workers during the marine transport of benzene-containing cargo provided that details of their work history in the maritime industry are available.
Descriptors (primary) benzene; sea transport; exposure evaluation; ships
Descriptors (secondary) permissible levels; literature survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Water transportation