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Document ID (ISN)105582
CIS number 06-1107
ISSN - Serial title 1641-9251 - International Maritime Health
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Roberts S.E.
Title Work related mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases and alcohol among seafarers employed in British merchant shipping from 1939 to 2002
Bibliographic information 2005, Vol.56, No.1/4, p.29-47. Illus. 41 ref.
Abstract This study investigated work-related mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases and from alcohol among seafarers employed in British merchant shipping from 1939 to 2002. Among a population of 7.29 million seafarer-years at risk, there were 864 deaths from gastro-intestinal diseases and 72 from alcoholism. Overall mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases fell from 18.4 per 100,000 in 1939-49 to 9.3 in 1970-79 and 0.3 in 1990-2002. Mortality from alcoholism and from alcohol-related diseases such as liver cirrhosis and diseases of the pancreas increased up to the 1960s or 1970s, but fell thereafter. Sharp reductions in mortality from gastro-intestinal diseases and from alcoholism since the 1970s contrasts with increases among the general British population, and are largely because of the reductions in the British deep sea ship fleet in favour of flags of convenience, with consequent reductions in long voyages, as well as reductions in alcohol consumption among seafarers at work. Largely because of the healthy worker effect, seafarers were usually only at increased risks from particularly acute diseases.
Descriptors (primary) United Kingdom; alcoholism; sea transport; gastrointestinal diseases; ships; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) healthy worker effect; statistical trends; frequency rates; long-term study; hepatic diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Gastrointestinal diseases
Water transportation
Alcohol and drug abuse