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Document ID (ISN)105491
CIS number 06-816
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2006
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hoshuyama T., Pan G., Tanaka C., Feng Y., Yu L., Liu T., Liu L., Hanaoka T., Takahashi K.
Title Mortality of iron-steel workers in Anshan, China: A retrospective cohort study
Bibliographic information July-Sep. 2006, Vol.12, No.3, p.193-202. 30 ref.
Internet access [in English]
Abstract Foundry workers have increased mortality and morbidity risks from numerous causes, including various cancers. A retrospective Chinese iron-steel cohort study was conducted to examine the mortality effects of exposure to foundry work. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardized rate ratios (SRRs) were calculated to evaluate mortality risks among male workers with exposure to 15 hazardous factors, adjusting for confounders. During 14 years of follow-up, 13,363 out of 121,846 male workers died. SMR analysis showed a healthy-worker effect in comparison with the general population. SRR analysis showed increased risks for all causes, all neoplasms, and others among the exposed workers compared with non-exposed blue-collar workers. Combined exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and two or more dusts increased the risks of lung cancer (SRR=654; 95% CI: 113-3,780) and other malignancies. Foundry work has adverse health effects, including carcinogenic risks. [Abstract supplied by the journal]
Descriptors (primary) mortality; iron and steel industry; foundries; cancer
Descriptors (secondary) China; airborne dust; long-term study; exposure evaluation; cohort study; polycyclic hydrocarbons
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceChina; Japan
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Iron and steel industry