ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)105484
CIS number 06-814
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Driscoll T., Nelson D.I., Steenland K., Leigh J., Concha-Barrientos M., Fingerhut M., Prüss-Ustün A.
Title The global burden of non-malignant respiratory disease due to occupational airborne exposures
Bibliographic information Dec. 2005, Vol.48, No.6, p.432-445. 38 ref.
Abstract This paper assesses worldwide mortality and morbidity from asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumoconioses arising from occupational exposure to airborne particulates and dusts, focusing on cases reported in the year 2000. The proportions of workers exposed and their levels of exposure were estimated using workforce data and the CAREX (CARcinogen EXposure) database. These were combined with relative or absolute risk measures to develop estimates of deaths, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and attributable fraction (for asthma and COPD). There were an estimated 386,000 deaths (asthma 38,000, COPD 318,000, pneumoconioses 30,000) and nearly 6.6 million DALYs (asthma 1,621,000, COPD 3,733,000, pneumoconioses 1,288,000) due to exposure to occupational airborne particulates. It is concluded that occupational airborne particulates are an important cause of death and disability worldwide.
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; respiratory diseases; mortality; morbidity
Descriptors (secondary) coal dust; obstructive ventilatory impairment; silica; statistical evaluation; asthma; pneumoconiosis; exposure evaluation; asbestos
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia; Chile; USA; WHO
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)