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Document ID (ISN)105294
CIS number 06-967
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wilburn S.Q., Eijkemans G.
Title Preventing needlestick injuries among healthcare workers: A WHO-ICN collaboration
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2004, Vol.10, No.4, p.451-456. Illus. 35 ref.
Abstract Effective measures to prevent infections from occupational exposure of healthcare workers to infected blood include immunization against hepatitis B virus, eliminating unnecessary injections, implementing universal precautions, eliminating needle recapping, disposing of the sharp into a sharps container immediately after use, use of safer devices such as needles that sheath or retract after use, provision and use of personal protective equipment and training workers in the risks and prevention of transmission. Post-exposure prophylaxis with antiretroviral medications can reduce the risk of HIV transmission by 80%. In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Council of Nurses (ICN) launched a pilot project in South Africa, Tanzania and Vietnam to protect healthcare workers from needlestick injuries. The results of the pilot will be disseminated worldwide, along with best policies and practices for prevention.
Descriptors (primary) infection control; needle-stick injuries; biological hazards; health care personnel; nursing personnel
Descriptors (secondary) WHO; infectious hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; personal protective equipment; safety training in industry; safe working methods; safety programmes; vaccination; prophylaxis; hospitals
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSwitzerland
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Biological hazards
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)