|Document ID (ISN)||105294|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Wilburn S.Q., Eijkemans G.
||Preventing needlestick injuries among healthcare workers: A WHO-ICN collaboration
||Oct.-Dec. 2004, Vol.10, No.4, p.451-456. Illus. 35 ref.
||Effective measures to prevent infections from occupational exposure of healthcare workers to infected blood include immunization against hepatitis B virus, eliminating unnecessary injections, implementing universal precautions, eliminating needle recapping, disposing of the sharp into a sharps container immediately after use, use of safer devices such as needles that sheath or retract after use, provision and use of personal protective equipment and training workers in the risks and prevention of transmission. Post-exposure prophylaxis with antiretroviral medications can reduce the risk of HIV transmission by 80%. In 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Council of Nurses (ICN) launched a pilot project in South Africa, Tanzania and Vietnam to protect healthcare workers from needlestick injuries. The results of the pilot will be disseminated worldwide, along with best policies and practices for prevention.
||infection control; needle-stick injuries; biological hazards; health care personnel; nursing personnel
||WHO; infectious hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; personal protective equipment; safety training in industry; safe working methods; safety programmes; vaccination; prophylaxis; hospitals
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Switzerland|
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Viral diseases (other than aids)
Health care services
Bacterial and parasitic diseases