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Document ID (ISN)105195
CIS number 06-576
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Maier R., Heilig P., Winker R., Neudorfer B., Hoeranter R., Ruediger H.
Title Welder's maculopathy?
Bibliographic information Sep. 2005, Vol.78, No.8, p.681-685. Illus. 15 ref.
Internet access [in English]
Abstract This study investigated whether welders' maculopathy is due to occupational exposures and can be justifiably annexed to the list of occupational diseases. Multifocal electroretinography (MERG) and ophthalmologic examinations were performed in 89 welders and 81 controls that had never been exposed to welding. Results of the tests did not reveal any significant morphological or functional differences between the welders and the control group. On average, the welders' visual acuity appeared to be better than that of the control group. This phenomenon could be attributed to the healthy worker effect. Welders' maculopathy seems to be rather a sequel of occupational accidents and negligence of safety regulations. The results of this study indicate that the usual protective measures in professional welding appear to be sufficient in order to prevent an occupational risk of welders' maculopathy.
Descriptors (primary) diseases of retina and optic nerve; arc welding and cutting; retinal damage
Descriptors (secondary) healthy worker effect; electroretinography; Austria; disobeying safety instructions; confounding factors; visual acuity; case-control study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustria
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Welding and cutting
Diseases of the eye and vision damage