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Document ID (ISN)105188
CIS number 06-660
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Abu Mourad T.
Title Adverse impact of insecticides on the health of Palestinian farm workers in the Gaza Strip: A hematologic biomarker study
Bibliographic information Apr.-June 2005, Vol.11, No.2, p.144-149. 42 ref.
Internet access [in English]
Abstract This study assessed biomarkers in 83 farm workers in the Gaza Strip using organophosphorus insecticides. Data on exposures and symptoms were collected by means of questionnaires. Serum cholinesterase and complete blood count were determined before and after spraying. Burning sensations in eyes and face (62.5%), itching and skin irritation (37.5%) and chest symptoms (29.2%) were reported. Serum butyryl-cholinesterase (SBuChE) was significantly decreased at the end of the workday. Burning sensations in eyes and face and skin rash were significantly associated with inhibition of SBuChE activity. Younger workers were more affected. Leukocyte and platelet counts were increased and haemoglobin decreased significantly, reflecting acute poisoning. Monitoring of SBuChE and haematological parameters of farm workers could be useful to predict and prevent health hazards from pesticides.
Descriptors (primary) organophosphorus compounds; health hazards; pesticide spraying; exposure tests; agriculture
Descriptors (secondary) blood count; thrombocyte count; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; butyrylcholinesterase; irritation; age-linked differences; symptoms; functional respiratory disorders; haematological changes; exposure evaluation; questionnaire survey; insecticides
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvincePalestinian Territory, Occupied
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Biological monitoring