|Document ID (ISN)||105050|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Latza U., Baur X.
||Occupational obstructive airway diseases in Germany: Frequency and causes in an international comparison
||Aug. 2005, Vol.48, No.2, p.144-152. 46 ref.
||Occupational inhalation exposures contribute to a significant proportion of obstructive airway diseases (OAD), namely chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Data on the occurrence of occupational OAD in the German industrial sector for the year 2003 are presented and compared with that of several other countries. Most confirmed reports of OAD are cases of sensitizer-induced occupational asthma (625 confirmed cases) followed by COPD in coal miners (414 cases), irritant induced occupational asthma (156 cases) and isocyanate asthma (54 cases). Main causes of occupational asthma in Germany comprise flour and flour constituents (35.9%), food and feed dust (9.0%) and isocyanates (6.5%). Flour and grain dust is a frequent cause of occupational asthma in most European countries and South Africa. Isocyanates remain a problem worldwide.
||allergens; irritants; asthma; Germany; obstructive ventilatory impairment
||isocyanates; flour; sensitization; food industry; coal mining; grain dust
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)