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Document ID (ISN)105050
CIS number 06-565
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Latza U., Baur X.
Title Occupational obstructive airway diseases in Germany: Frequency and causes in an international comparison
Bibliographic information Aug. 2005, Vol.48, No.2, p.144-152. 46 ref.
Abstract Occupational inhalation exposures contribute to a significant proportion of obstructive airway diseases (OAD), namely chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Data on the occurrence of occupational OAD in the German industrial sector for the year 2003 are presented and compared with that of several other countries. Most confirmed reports of OAD are cases of sensitizer-induced occupational asthma (625 confirmed cases) followed by COPD in coal miners (414 cases), irritant induced occupational asthma (156 cases) and isocyanate asthma (54 cases). Main causes of occupational asthma in Germany comprise flour and flour constituents (35.9%), food and feed dust (9.0%) and isocyanates (6.5%). Flour and grain dust is a frequent cause of occupational asthma in most European countries and South Africa. Isocyanates remain a problem worldwide.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; irritants; asthma; Germany; obstructive ventilatory impairment
Descriptors (secondary) isocyanates; flour; sensitization; food industry; coal mining; grain dust
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)