|Document ID (ISN)||105009|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Hagberg M., Thiringer G., Brandstr÷m L.
||Incidence of tinnitus, impaired hearing and musculoskeletal disorders among students enroled in academic music education - A retrospective cohort study
||Aug. 2005, Vol.78, No.7, p.575-583. Illus. 17 ref.
||This study examined the incidence of tinnitus, impaired hearing and musculoskeletal disorders among musicians and investigated the relationship with the number of practising hours and instrument type. Subjects consisted of music students enrolled between the years 1980 and 1995 in the music school of a Swedish university. A questionnaire on exposure and symptoms was answered by 407 of the 602 eligible students. The highest incidence of symptoms was found for reported tinnitus. There was also a relationship between the number of hours of instrumental practice and incidence of impaired hearing. Among the musculoskeletal symptoms, the highest incidences were pain in the neck and in the left shoulder. Incidences of symptoms of the left and right hand, elbow, forearm and shoulder are discussed as a function of the number of hours of weekly practice and instrument played.
||musculoskeletal diseases; hearing loss; risk factors; musicians; tinnitus
||Sweden; symptoms; questionnaire survey; upper extremity disorders; long-term study; length of exposure; cohort study
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Sweden|
||Ergonomics and work organization
Noise, hearing and vibration
|Broad subject area(s)
||Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Entertainment services and sports
Diseases of the ear and hearing damage