ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)105009
CIS number 06-692
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hagberg M., Thiringer G., Brandstr÷m L.
Title Incidence of tinnitus, impaired hearing and musculoskeletal disorders among students enroled in academic music education - A retrospective cohort study
Bibliographic information Aug. 2005, Vol.78, No.7, p.575-583. Illus. 17 ref.
Abstract This study examined the incidence of tinnitus, impaired hearing and musculoskeletal disorders among musicians and investigated the relationship with the number of practising hours and instrument type. Subjects consisted of music students enrolled between the years 1980 and 1995 in the music school of a Swedish university. A questionnaire on exposure and symptoms was answered by 407 of the 602 eligible students. The highest incidence of symptoms was found for reported tinnitus. There was also a relationship between the number of hours of instrumental practice and incidence of impaired hearing. Among the musculoskeletal symptoms, the highest incidences were pain in the neck and in the left shoulder. Incidences of symptoms of the left and right hand, elbow, forearm and shoulder are discussed as a function of the number of hours of weekly practice and instrument played.
Descriptors (primary) musculoskeletal diseases; hearing loss; risk factors; musicians; tinnitus
Descriptors (secondary) Sweden; symptoms; questionnaire survey; upper extremity disorders; long-term study; length of exposure; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Ergonomics and work organization
Noise, hearing and vibration
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Entertainment services and sports
Diseases of the ear and hearing damage