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Document ID (ISN)104913
CIS number 06-379
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Aalto-Korte K., Mäkela E.A., Huttunen M., Suuronen K., Jolanki R.
Title Occupational contact allergy to glyoxal
Bibliographic information May 2005, Vol.52, No.5, p.276-281. 17 ref.
Abstract Allergic contact dermatitis from glyoxal has been described in several occupations. In this study, data from patients in the dermatology department of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health from 1998 to 2004 were analysed for allergic reactions to glyoxal. Twenty patients had allergic reactions to glyoxal on patch testing. Five of the patients worked in dentistry and four of these had present exposure to glyoxal. Nine patients were machinists without obvious exposure to glyoxal. The case of a grinder with work-related facial dermatitis is described in detail. The chemical analysis of air samples from his workplace revealed 9.4-21µg/m3 glyoxal. Glyoxal was found to be present in the metalworking fluid used. The remaining six patients worked in miscellaneous occupations and had no present exposure to glyoxal. It is recommended that glyoxal be added to the antimicrobial patch test series.
Descriptors (primary) glyoxal; eczema; skin allergies
Descriptors (secondary) case study; Finland; cutting fluids; dental assistants; health care personnel; metalworking industry; skin tests; dermatological examinations
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Aldehydes
Allergies