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Document ID (ISN)104803
CIS number 06-488
ISSN - Serial title 0815-6409 - Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Macdonald W.
Title Workload, stress and psychosocial factors as hazards for musculoskeletal disorders
Bibliographic information Feb. 2004, Vol.20, No.1, p.37-47. Illus. 53 ref.
Abstract Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) resulting from work-related cumulative trauma continue to constitute a substantial problem in many workplaces. It is argued that current countermeasures address only one part of the problem because they usually fail to take adequate account of the important role of psychosocial and psychological stress factors as MSD risk factors. The nature and role of these risk factors are described in terms of an ergonomics model of work-related MSD risk. Key elements of the model are job demands, psychosocial factors, mental workload and stress. The empirical basis for this model is outlined, and the findings of studies on physiological mechanisms by which stress can increase the risk of MSDs are discussed. Based on this model, more effective management strategies to control non-physical MSD risk factors are identified.
Descriptors (primary) mental workload; musculoskeletal diseases; risk factors; stress factors; psychology and sociology
Descriptors (secondary) psychology of work organization; mental stress; ergonomics
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Mental stress and burnout
Psychological factors
Mental workload
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system