|Document ID (ISN)||104682|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1047-322X - Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
|Convention or series no.
||Woskie S.R., Virji M.A., Hallock M., Smith T.J., Hammond S.K.
||Summary of the findings from exposure assessments for metalworking fluid mortality and morbidity studies
||Nov. 2003, Vol.18, No.11, p.855-864. Illus. 65 ref.
||Since 1985, a number of studies have evaluated the association between worker exposure to metalworking fluids (MWFs) and cancer mortality or respiratory morbidity. The studies have used different methods to measure the MWF aerosol concentration and to evaluate the exposures to the specific components of the MWF aerosol (bacteria, endotoxin, elements, metals, ethanolamines, polyaromatic hydrocarbons). This article summarizes the exposures measured in these epidemiological studies by estimating their thoracic and inhalable MWF particulate levels. In addition, the issues that must be resolved before a universal sampling and analysis method for MWF can be recommended are reviewed. Finally, recommendations for future directions in MWF exposure assessment and control are suggested.
||respiratory diseases; respirable dust; metalworking industry; cancer; cutting fluids
||literature survey; aromatic hydrocarbons; ethanolamine; bacteria; exposure evaluation; morbidity; mortality; aerosols; bacterial toxins
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Metal production and metalworking
|Broad subject area(s)
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)