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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)104682
CIS number 06-154
ISSN - Serial title 1047-322X - Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Woskie S.R., Virji M.A., Hallock M., Smith T.J., Hammond S.K.
Title Summary of the findings from exposure assessments for metalworking fluid mortality and morbidity studies
Bibliographic information Nov. 2003, Vol.18, No.11, p.855-864. Illus. 65 ref.
Abstract Since 1985, a number of studies have evaluated the association between worker exposure to metalworking fluids (MWFs) and cancer mortality or respiratory morbidity. The studies have used different methods to measure the MWF aerosol concentration and to evaluate the exposures to the specific components of the MWF aerosol (bacteria, endotoxin, elements, metals, ethanolamines, polyaromatic hydrocarbons). This article summarizes the exposures measured in these epidemiological studies by estimating their thoracic and inhalable MWF particulate levels. In addition, the issues that must be resolved before a universal sampling and analysis method for MWF can be recommended are reviewed. Finally, recommendations for future directions in MWF exposure assessment and control are suggested.
Descriptors (primary) respiratory diseases; respirable dust; metalworking industry; cancer; cutting fluids
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; aromatic hydrocarbons; ethanolamine; bacteria; exposure evaluation; morbidity; mortality; aerosols; bacterial toxins
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Metalworking industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)