|Document ID (ISN)||104681|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1047-322X - Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
|Convention or series no.
||Review of respiratory morbidity from occupational exposure to oil mists
||Nov. 2003, Vol.18, No.11, p.828-837. Illus. 37 ref.
||A review of the literature suggests that machinists may have a slightly higher prevalence of common respiratory symptoms and mild and reversible changes in pulmonary function. However, the inconsistency in this body of literature argues against drawing definitive conclusions. There is also no evidence that any of these effects lead to permanent disease or impairment. The most likely causal agents for respiratory effects are microbial contaminants in water-based metalworking fluids, not straight mineral oils. This is consistent with the epidemic outbreaks of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, bronchitis and asthma reported at some work sites using water-based metalworking fluids. This highlights the importance of frequent cleaning and fluid changes for metalworking fluid reservoirs. A dramatic drop in the threshold limit values for mineral oil mists would not resolve this problem.
||oil mist; cutting fluids; respiratory diseases; morbidity
||literature survey; extrinsic allergic alveolitis; pulmonary function; bronchitis; asthma; microorganisms
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Metal production and metalworking
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)