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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)104681
CIS number 06-145
ISSN - Serial title 1047-322X - Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bukowski J.A.
Title Review of respiratory morbidity from occupational exposure to oil mists
Bibliographic information Nov. 2003, Vol.18, No.11, p.828-837. Illus. 37 ref.
Abstract A review of the literature suggests that machinists may have a slightly higher prevalence of common respiratory symptoms and mild and reversible changes in pulmonary function. However, the inconsistency in this body of literature argues against drawing definitive conclusions. There is also no evidence that any of these effects lead to permanent disease or impairment. The most likely causal agents for respiratory effects are microbial contaminants in water-based metalworking fluids, not straight mineral oils. This is consistent with the epidemic outbreaks of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, bronchitis and asthma reported at some work sites using water-based metalworking fluids. This highlights the importance of frequent cleaning and fluid changes for metalworking fluid reservoirs. A dramatic drop in the threshold limit values for mineral oil mists would not resolve this problem.
Descriptors (primary) oil mist; cutting fluids; respiratory diseases; morbidity
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; extrinsic allergic alveolitis; pulmonary function; bronchitis; asthma; microorganisms
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)