ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)104671
CIS number 06-245
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Belkic K.L., Landsbergis P.A., Schnall P.L., Baker D.
Title Is job strain a major source of cardiovascular risk?
Bibliographic information Apr. 2004, Vol.30, No.2, p.85-128. 181 ref.
Abstract Empirical studies on job strain and cardiovascular disease (CVD), their internal validity, and the likely direction of biases were examined. The 17 longitudinal studies had the highest validity ratings. In all but two, biases towards the null dominated. Eight, including several of the largest, showed significant positive results; three had positive, nonsignificant findings. Six of nine case-control studies had significant positive findings; recall bias leading to overestimation appears to be fairly minimal. Four of eight cross-sectional studies had significant positive results. Men showed strong, consistent evidence of an association between exposure to job strain and CVD. The data for women were more sparse and less consistent, but, as for the men, most of the studies probably underestimated existing effects. Other elements of causal inference, particularly biological plausibility, corroborated that job strain is a major CVD risk factor.
Descriptors (primary) mental workload; cardiovascular diseases; stress factors
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; evaluation of results; epidemiological aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden; USA
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Cardiovascular diseases
Mental workload
Mental stress and burnout