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Document ID (ISN)104662
CIS number 06-207
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Denis M.A., Ecochard R., Bernadet A., Forissier M.F., Porst J.M., Robert O., Volckmann C., Bergeret A.
Title Risk of occupational blood exposure in a cohort of 24,000 hospital healthcare workers: Position and environment analysis over three years
Bibliographic information Mar. 2003, Vol.45, No.3, p.283-288. 13 ref.
Abstract Early and efficient prevention of occupational blood exposure at hospitals requires knowledge of exposures and risks according to staff characteristics, as well as calculation of annual exposure rates and relative rates. For this purpose, a three-year cohort study involving 24,000 healthcare workers was carried out in a group of 21 health centres in Lyon, France. The overall annual incidence of blood exposure was 3.5 per 100 workers per year, with a maximum for nurses and midwives (6.5) and a minimum for cleaners and paramedics (0.6). Exposures affected mainly nurses (57.81% of accidents, 12.12% of the cohort) and occurred mostly in the surgical and the medical departments (26.34% and 25.20% of accidents respectively). Emergency and intensive care staff had the highest relative rates (4.27 and 3.05 respectively) compared with maintenance staff. Nurses and laboratory staff were more exposed than physicians (relative rates of 3.76 and 2.30 respectively).
Descriptors (primary) blood; needle-stick injuries; risk factors; health care personnel; hospitals
Descriptors (secondary) cohort study; nursing personnel; frequency rates; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; job-exposure relation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Domestic workers
Health care services