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Document ID (ISN)104610
CIS number 06-121
ISSN - Serial title 1232-1087 - International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Jakubowski M., Abramowska-Guzik A, Szymczak W., Trzcinka-Ochocka M.
Title Influence of long-term occupational exposures to cadmium on lung function test results
Bibliographic information 3rd quarter 2004, Vol.17, No.3, p.361-368. 19 ref.
Abstract Pulmonary function was assessed in 79 workers previously exposed to cadmium in a battery plant. The unexposed control group of 159 workers was selected among the inhabitants of the same town. Among battery workers, measurements of blood cadmium concentrations had been performed regularly since 1983. The data on cadmium concentrations in the air were obtained from the plant's files covering the period of 1981-1999. Subjects were divided into four groups according to their cumulative cadmium exposure indices as indicated by determinations in air (Cd-A) or blood (Cd-B). Results were subjected to statistical analysis. Only the group with the highest Cd-B exposure level had a significantly decreased lung function values compared to the group with the lowest Cd-B exposure. The highest Cd-A exposure group showed a significantly decreased maximum midexpiratory flow rate (MEF) at 50% together with decreased FEV1, however statistically not significant.
Descriptors (primary) cadmium and compounds; long-term exposure; pulmonary function; storage batteries
Descriptors (secondary) one-second forced expiratory volume; cadmium; respiratory function tests; case-control study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvincePoland
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Cadmium and compounds
Inorganic substances