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Document ID (ISN)104516
CIS number 06-97
ISSN - Serial title 1515-5447 - Salud Ocupacional
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Gallego C., Marciano E.
Title Prevalence of occupational lung diseases among workers exposed to respiratory risk factors
Original title Prevalencia de enfermedades pulmonares ocupacionales en trabajadores expuestos a riesgo respiratorio [in Spanish]
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2004, Vol.XXII, No.91, p.19-23. Illus. 19 ref.
Abstract This study evaluates the prevalence of occupational respiratory diseases in a group of 4529 workers of 241 enterprises based in an industrial suburb of Buenos Aires. 369 workers for whom the medical file indicated lung anomalies were subjected to further examinations. Two control groups were also established. The most frequent exposures involved sensitizers (53%), irritants (35%) and dust or smoke (13%). Among the workers that were subjected to further examinations, it was possible to establish 27 cases of occupational respiratory disease and 125 cases of respiratory disease unrelated to work. The most frequent occupational disease was asthma (9,15%), mainly due to exposures to flour, isocyanates and animals, as well as to cleaning tasks. Smoking and obesity were associated with respiratory diseases. Exposure to respirable substances was associated with respiratory pathway obstruction (determined by spirometry), both among smokers and non-smokers.
Descriptors (primary) irritants; Argentina; pulmonary function; respirable dust; sensitizers; respiratory diseases
Descriptors (secondary) isocyanates; flour; animals; smoking; maximal expiratory flow; frequency rates; obesity; smoke; case-control study; spirometry; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; asthma
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceArgentina
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Domestic workers
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)