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Document ID (ISN)104383
CIS number 05-747
ISSN - Serial title 0267-8373 - Work and Stress
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lakowo S., Soares J.J.F., Nolan P.
Title Violence towards psychiatric staff: A comparison of gender, job and environmental characteristics in England and Sweden
Bibliographic information Jan.-Mar. 2004, Vol.18, No.1, p.39-55. 70 ref.
Abstract This study compares violence encountered by staff at mental institutions in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Psychiatric personnel from the United Kindgom (301 nurses and 74 psychiatrists) and Sweden (745 nurses and 306 psychiatrists) were assessed by means of a questionnaire covering working conditions and exposure to violence. Analysis showed an association between being abused and being male, of young age, British and a nurse. Multivariate logistic regression confirmed that British female and male nurses were the main risk group for exposure to violence. Interventions thus need to be sensitive to gender differences, societal context, professional roles and interactions between them. Furthermore, clinical supervision and team functioning, together with organizational and environmentally friendly settings, may help reduce violence in mental institutions.
Descriptors (primary) Sweden; United Kingdom; violence; health care personnel; hospitals
Descriptors (secondary) questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; comparative study; sex-linked differences; social aspects; age-linked differences
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom; Sweden
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Violence
Violence and terrorism