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Document ID (ISN)104230
CIS number 05-466
ISSN - Serial title 1080-3548 - International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Leszczyszyn-Pynka M., Kłys-Rachwalska M., Sacharczuk B., Boroń-Kaczmarska A.
Title Occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - How can we reduce the risk?
Bibliographic information 2004, Vol.10, No.4, p.425-429. 15 ref.
Abstract The aim of this study was to analyse occupational exposure to potentially infectious body fluids among health care workers (HCWs) in a region of Poland. Nurses were the most commonly exposed category of HCWs. Needle-sticks were responsible for 73.6% of the incidents, while recapping a needle was the cause of exposure in 6.9% of the incidents. Prophylaxis with antiretroviral drugs was necessary in 22.8% of the cases. Among 189 registered nurses, 66 performed invasive procedures without any personal protective equipment. As many as 60.3% of exposures to potentially infectious material result from non-compliance with the relevant recommendations. Continuous education and training is critically needed to prevent occupational exposure to blood-borne infections among HCWs.
Descriptors (primary) Poland; risk factors; health care personnel; immunodeficiency syndrome
Descriptors (secondary) safety consciousness; survey; needle-stick injuries; personal protective equipment; disobeying safety instructions; women; prophylaxis; frequency rates; nursing personnel
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvincePoland
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) HIV/AIDS
Health care services