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Document ID (ISN)104181
CIS number 05-492
ISSN - Serial title 0267-8373 - Work and Stress
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Terluin B., Ven Rhenen W., Schaufeli W.B., De Haan M.
Title The four-dimensional symptom questionnaire (4DSQ): Measuring distress and other mental health problems in a working population
Bibliographic information July-Sep. 2004, Vol.18, No.3, p.187-207. Illus. 55 ref.
Abstract In working populations, it is important to differentiate between general distress, on one hand, and the psychiatric symptoms of depression, anxiety and somatization on the other hand. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a new instrument that measures these four symptoms. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the 4DSQ in a working population. A questionnaire was addressed to all employees of a Dutch telecom company, 3852 (51%) of whom responded. The questionnaire included the 4DSQ together with a set of questions on job stress, coping style and indicators of strain. The validity of the 4DSQ was assessed using correlations with job stress, coping, and strain. As expected, the distress scale showed the strongest correlations with the indicators of strain, as well as with job stress and coping. In conclusion, the 4DSQ is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used in a working population to distinguish between stress-related symptoms and psychiatric illness.
Descriptors (primary) mental illness; stress factors; telecommunications; mental health
Descriptors (secondary) symptoms; anxiety; depressive neurosis; stress studies; reliability; questionnaire survey; psychology of work organization
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Communications industry
Psychological factors
Mental stress and burnout
Mental health