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Document ID (ISN)104049
CIS number 05-385
ISBN(s) 0-7176-2959-7
Year 2005
Convention or series no. HSE Research Report 311
Author(s) Cowie H.A., Hughson G.W., Creely K.S., Graham M.K., Hutchison P.A., Aitken R.J.
Health and Safety Executive
Title An occupational hygiene assessment of the use and control of isocyanates in the UK
Bibliographic information HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2005. x, 238p. Illus. 31 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Internet access http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr311.pdf [in English]
Abstract Approximately 6200 motor vehicle repair (MVR) workshops in the United Kingdom use isocyanates, with around 15000 employees directly exposed. In the non-MVR sector, a further 1600 enterprises were estimated to use isocyanates, with around 7000 employees directly exposed. Enterprises carrying out work with the greatest potential for exposure were generally aware of the health hazards and had taken appropriate action to control workers' exposure. Workplace surveys confirmed that exposure levels were generally low and that it was possible to control air concentrations to below the existing exposure limits with basic exposure control measures. These results suggest that isocyanate related asthma cases could be due to momentary lapses in exposure controls rather than prolonged, high level exposure that might be attributed to ignorance of the health risks and the recommended control measures. Alternatively, it is possible that the existing exposure limits do not ensure the adequate protection of exposed workers.
Descriptors (primary) occupational hygiene; small enterprises; United Kingdom; exposure evaluation; isocyanates; vehicle repair and servicing; report
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; safety consciousness; asthma; safe working methods; survey; occupational hygiene evaluation; health hazards; limitation of exposure
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Small and medium-sized enterprises
Exposure evaluation
Isocyanates
Cyano compounds
Road transportation