|Document ID (ISN)||103864|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Ulm K., Gerein P., Eigenthaler J., Schmidt S., Ehnes H.
||Silica, silicosis and lung-cancer: Results from a cohort study in the stone and quarry industry
||June 2004, Vol.77, No.5, p.313-318. Illus. 26 ref.
||A cohort study among workers compensated for silicosis between 1988 and 2000 from the stone and quarry industry in Germany was initiated. The cohort consisted of 440 workers who were followed up until the end of 2001. A detailed assessment of the jobs of all workers was carried out. During the follow-up 144 workers died, compared with 74.35 expected cases based on the mortality rates of the general population from Germany, leading to a standard mortality ratio (SMR) of 1.94. Lung cancer was the cause of death in 16 cases (SMR 2.40). All workers had a peak exposure above 0.15mg/m3, the current threshold value. The cumulative exposure was above 2mg/m3-years and the average exposure was 0.10mg/m3 or higher. In order to reduce the risk of lung cancer among workers in the stone and quarry industry, current levels of exposure to silica should be reduced.
||silica; lung cancer; quarrying industry; stone dressing; risk factors; silicosis
||threshold limit values; Germany; mortality; frequency rates; hazard evaluation; cohort study; long-term exposure; limitation of exposure
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany|
||Mines and quarries
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying