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Document ID (ISN)103864
CIS number 05-161
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ulm K., Gerein P., Eigenthaler J., Schmidt S., Ehnes H.
Title Silica, silicosis and lung-cancer: Results from a cohort study in the stone and quarry industry
Bibliographic information June 2004, Vol.77, No.5, p.313-318. Illus. 26 ref.
Abstract A cohort study among workers compensated for silicosis between 1988 and 2000 from the stone and quarry industry in Germany was initiated. The cohort consisted of 440 workers who were followed up until the end of 2001. A detailed assessment of the jobs of all workers was carried out. During the follow-up 144 workers died, compared with 74.35 expected cases based on the mortality rates of the general population from Germany, leading to a standard mortality ratio (SMR) of 1.94. Lung cancer was the cause of death in 16 cases (SMR 2.40). All workers had a peak exposure above 0.15mg/m3, the current threshold value. The cumulative exposure was above 2mg/m3-years and the average exposure was 0.10mg/m3 or higher. In order to reduce the risk of lung cancer among workers in the stone and quarry industry, current levels of exposure to silica should be reduced.
Descriptors (primary) silica; lung cancer; quarrying industry; stone dressing; risk factors; silicosis
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; Germany; mortality; frequency rates; hazard evaluation; cohort study; long-term exposure; limitation of exposure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying