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Document ID (ISN)103725
CIS number 04-632
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2004
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16001 D 30, 2-2004
Author(s) Hartemann P.
Title Contamination of water in occupational settings
Original title Contamination des eaux en milieu professionnel [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 2nd Quarter 2004, No.143, 10p. 29 ref.
Abstract Water has many different uses in the enterprise. Depending on the source of water, its chemical and bacteriological quality can vary. Microbiological hazards may be bacterial, viral or parasitical. They are characterized by their virulence, their toxicogenesis and their possible resistance to antibiotics. Depending on whether the chemical hazards are carcinogenic or non-carcinogenic, different approaches are used for defining the maximum admissible concentrations for exposed persons. Modes of occupational exposure include ingestion, inhalation of airborne humidity and contact, and involve a wide diversity of occupations including office workers (air conditioning systems), waste water treatment workers, miners and swimming lifeguards. Prevention is based on technical and sanitary measures to ensure that the water is of a good quality, the implementation of suitable technical procedures and epidemiological surveillance.
Descriptors (primary) carcinogens; occupational diseases; water; contamination; biological hazards; risk factors; toxic substances
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; bacteria; viruses; air conditioner disease; sewage treatment; air conditioning; medical supervision; mining industry; encyclopaedia; office work
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Biological hazards