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Document ID (ISN)103554
CIS number 04-590
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2005
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bourbonnais R., Brisson C., Malenfant R., VÚzina M.
Title Health care restructuring, work environment and health of nurses
Bibliographic information Jan. 2005, Vol.47, No.1, p.54-64. 58 ref.
Abstract The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the psychosocial work environment and health of nurses in Quebec which has undergone significant restructuring in the past 15 years. It involved 2006 nurses from 16 health centers and a reference population of 2636 women employed in other occupations. They were given a questionnaire on work characteristics, psychological demands, decision latitude and social support at work from Karasek's Job Content Questionnaire, as well as on organizational changes and their state of health. Prevalence ratios and binomial regression were used to examine the associations between current work characteristics, changes and psychological distress. A considerable increase in the prevalence of psychological distress and adverse psychosocial work factors was found in comparison to the prevalence reported by a comparable group of nurses in 1994. These adverse factors were also more prevalent among nurses than among other Quebec working women.
Descriptors (primary) psychology of work organization; mental health; women; health care personnel; conditions of work
Descriptors (secondary) Canada; Quebec; state of health; psychology and sociology; frequency rates; case-control study; cross-sectional study; stress factors; statistical evaluation; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Psychology of work organization
Psychological factors
Mental health