|Document ID (ISN)||103297|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0003-4878 - Annals of Occupational Hygiene
|Convention or series no.
||Van-Wendel-de-Joode B., Brouwer D.H., Vermeulen R., Van Hemmen J.J., Heederik D., Kromhout H.
||DREAM: A method for semi-quantitative dermal exposure assessment
||Jan. 2003, Vol.47, No.1, p.71-87. Illus. 42 ref.
||This paper describes a new method of structured, semi-quantitative dermal exposure assessment for chemical or biological agents (DREAM). Two examples of dermal exposure of workers of a truck manufacturer show how the method allows a characterization of the tasks and provides insight into exposure mechanisms. It supplies estimates for exposure levels on the external clothing layer and on the skin, as well as for the distribution of dermal exposure over the body. Together with the ranking of tasks and persons, it provides information for sampling strategies and helps to determine who, where and what to measure. In addition to dermal exposure assessment, the systematic description of dermal exposure pathways helps to prioritize and determine most adequate measurement strategies and methods.
||skin absorption; chemical products; biological hazards; motor vehicle industry; exposure evaluation
||description of technique; sampling and analysis
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Netherlands; USA|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry