|Document ID (ISN)||103270|
|Convention or series no.
||IARC Monographs 83
World Health Organization (WHO)
||IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Volume 83: Tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking
||World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 2004. xiv, 1452 pages. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: USD 40.00
||In a previous IARC Monograph on Tobacco Smoking (Vol.38, see CIS 89-350), a certain number of cancers were identified as caused by cigarette smoking. In the present report, the studies reviewed by the Working Group show sufficient evidence for a additional association between cigarette smoking and cancers of the nasal cavities, nasal sinuses, oesophagus, stomach, liver, kidney and uterine cervix, as well as myeloid leukaemia. There is evidence of synergy between smoking and several occupational causes of lung cancer (arsenic, asbestos and radon). Secondhand tobacco smoke includes the same carcinogens and toxic substances produced by active smoking. Non-smoking spouses of smokers, as well as non-smoking workers exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke at the workplace are at a statistically-significant increased risk of lung cancer. Overall, the Working Group concludes that exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke is carcinogenic in humans (Group 1).
||WHO; IARC; tobacco; carcinogenic effects; passive smoking; hazard evaluation; smoking
||literature survey; carcinogens; epidemiological aspects; chemical products; chemical analysis; synergism; biological effects; criteria document; toxicity evaluation
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
|Country / State or Province||WHO|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)