|Document ID (ISN)||103210|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
|Convention or series no.
||Alanko K., Susitaival P., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
||Occupational skin diseases among dental nurses
||Feb. 2004, Vol.50, No.2, p.77-82. 26 ref.
||In this study, 799 female dental nurses in the Helsinki district were surveyed using a computer-assisted telephone interview. A structured questionnaire was used to inquire about skin and respiratory symptoms, atopy, work history, work methods and occupational exposure. The 328 nurses who reported work-related dermatitis on their hands, forearms or face, were invited to an interview by an occupational physician; 245 nurses participated. 31 nurses had previously been diagnosed with an occupational skin disease (OSD). 133 nurses with a suspected OSD were selected for further clinical examinations with prick and patch testing. Among the 107 nurses who participated, 22 new cases of OSD were diagnosed. There were altogether 29 cases of allergic contact dermatitis, 15 of contact urticaria, 12 of irritant contact dermatitis, and one case of onychomycosis. Rubber chemicals and natural rubber latex in protective gloves, as well as dental-restorative plastic materials (methacrylates), were the most common agents responsible for the allergies.
||occupational diseases; dental assistants; nursing personnel; skin diseases
||protective gloves; medical examinations; irritants; sensitization dermatitis; subjective assessment; Finland; methacrylates; natural rubber; latex; skin absorption; eczema; urticaria; onychia; rubber chemicals; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; allergy tests; skin tests; allergens
||D - Periodical articles
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
||Health care services