ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)103210
CIS number 04-109
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Alanko K., Susitaival P., Jolanki R., Kanerva L.
Title Occupational skin diseases among dental nurses
Bibliographic information Feb. 2004, Vol.50, No.2, p.77-82. 26 ref.
Abstract In this study, 799 female dental nurses in the Helsinki district were surveyed using a computer-assisted telephone interview. A structured questionnaire was used to inquire about skin and respiratory symptoms, atopy, work history, work methods and occupational exposure. The 328 nurses who reported work-related dermatitis on their hands, forearms or face, were invited to an interview by an occupational physician; 245 nurses participated. 31 nurses had previously been diagnosed with an occupational skin disease (OSD). 133 nurses with a suspected OSD were selected for further clinical examinations with prick and patch testing. Among the 107 nurses who participated, 22 new cases of OSD were diagnosed. There were altogether 29 cases of allergic contact dermatitis, 15 of contact urticaria, 12 of irritant contact dermatitis, and one case of onychomycosis. Rubber chemicals and natural rubber latex in protective gloves, as well as dental-restorative plastic materials (methacrylates), were the most common agents responsible for the allergies.
Descriptors (primary) occupational diseases; dental assistants; nursing personnel; skin diseases
Descriptors (secondary) protective gloves; medical examinations; irritants; sensitization dermatitis; subjective assessment; Finland; methacrylates; natural rubber; latex; skin absorption; eczema; urticaria; onychia; rubber chemicals; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; allergy tests; skin tests; allergens
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Skin diseases