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Document ID (ISN)103195
CIS number 04-226
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Shvartsblat S., Kochie M., Harber P., Howard J.
Title Fatal rat bite fever in a pet shop employee
Bibliographic information Apr. 2004, Vol.45, No.4, p.357-360. 5 ref.
Abstract Rat bite fever is a zoonotic disease that has been described in laboratory personnel as well as the general population. A 24-year-old male pet shop employee contracted the disease through a minor superficial finger wound during a contact with a contaminated rat cage. The disease progressed from a flu-like illness to endocarditis involving first the aortic valve and then the mitral valve and septum. Despite aggressive therapy including two surgical procedures, the patient died from sepsis and multi-organ system failure 59 days after initial injury. This is the first reported case of rat-bite fever in a pet shop work setting. Zoonotic infections may present a significant hazard to workers handling animals. Education on hazards of animal contact and other preventive measures are needed in small business such as pet shops.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; small enterprises; handling of animals; pet shops; fatalities; rat-bite fever
Descriptors (secondary) influenza; case study; heart valve diseases; symptoms; zoonoses
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Influenza
Zoonoses
Viral diseases (other than aids)
Retail industry
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Livestock rearing
Bacterial and parasitic diseases