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Document ID (ISN)103095
CIS number 04-162
ISBN(s) 0-7176-2881-7
Year 2004
Convention or series no. HSE Research Report RR 255
Author(s) Gobeau N., Zhou X.X.
Health and Safety Executive
Title Evaluation of CFD to predict smoke movement in complex enclosed spaces - Application to three real scenarios: An underground station, an offshore accommodation module and a building under construction
Bibliographic information HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2004. xii, 48p. Illus. 31 ref. Price: GBP 25.00. Downloadable version free of charge.
Internet access http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr255.pdf [in English]
Abstract Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is increasingly used as a predictive tool to demonstrate the effectiveness of modern building designs and emergency ventilation systems to control the movement of smoke in the event of a fire. The objective of this study was to investigate the capabilities and limitations of CFD for predicting the transport of smoke in complex enclosed spaces. Calculations relating to three examples of enclosed spaces were carried out: an underground station, an accommodation module on an offshore platform and a high-rise building under construction. It is concluded that while CFD modelling provides some insight as to smoke generation in the event of a fire, further work focusing on high-sensitivity parameters is still necessary.
Descriptors (primary) fire hazards; smoke; computer analysis; fluid mechanics; emergency ventilation
Descriptors (secondary) report; buildings; premises; computer applications; offshore oil extraction; mathematical simulation; public transport
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Dust, aerosols and related diseases
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Ventilation
Fires