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Document ID (ISN)102872
CIS number 03-1916
ISSN - Serial title 0339-6517 - Documents pour le mÚdecin du travail
Year 2003
Convention or series no. DMT 96 TF 128
Author(s) Abiteboul D., Lolom I., Lamontagne F., Pellissier G., Tarantola A., Descamps J.M., Bouvet E.
Title Risk of blood exposure among hospital workers - Trends 1990-2000
Original title Risque d'exposition au sang parmi le personnel hospitalier - Evolution 1990-2000 [in French]
Bibliographic information 4th Quarter 2003, No.96, p.447-457. Illus. 25 ref.
Abstract A survey had been conducted among health care workers in 1990 to quantify the frequency and risk factors of blood exposure accidents (BEAs). 502 nurses from 17 hospitals had volunteered to participate. It was the first study that yielded data not only on the frequencies by nurse, but also by risk-involving task (injection, sample collection, installing and removing intravenous perfusions, work involving pacemakers). The most hazardous tasks were identified and ranked. The objective of the present study was to analyse the trends in BEA risks ten years later. Participants included 1506 volunteers among nurses in 36 hospitals. There were significant improvements from 1990 to 2000, the frequency of BEAs having decreased from approximately 0.35 to 0.12 per nurse per year, and needlestick injuries, which are the leading cause, from 0.26 to 0.07 respectively, per nurse per year.
Descriptors (primary) blood; hazard evaluation; biological hazards; nursing personnel; health care personnel; hospitals
Descriptors (secondary) statistical trends; France; virus diseases; infectious hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; frequency rates; needle-stick injuries; long-term study; risk factors; causes of accidents; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Viral diseases (other than aids)
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Health care services
Biological hazards
Risk evaluation